The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System, Second Edition
Now available: The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System (Second Edition)


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FreeBSD/Linux Kernel Cross Reference
sys/amd64/amd64/elf_machdep.c

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    1 /*-
    2  * Copyright 1996-1998 John D. Polstra.
    3  * All rights reserved.
    4  *
    5  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    6  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
    7  * are met:
    8  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
    9  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
   10  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
   11  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
   12  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
   13  *
   14  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
   15  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
   16  * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
   17  * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
   18  * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
   19  * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
   20  * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
   21  * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
   22  * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
   23  * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
   24  */
   25 
   26 #include <sys/cdefs.h>
   27 __FBSDID("$FreeBSD: releng/11.0/sys/amd64/amd64/elf_machdep.c 293613 2016-01-09 20:18:53Z dchagin $");
   28 
   29 #include <sys/param.h>
   30 #include <sys/kernel.h>
   31 #include <sys/systm.h>
   32 #include <sys/exec.h>
   33 #include <sys/imgact.h>
   34 #include <sys/linker.h>
   35 #include <sys/proc.h>
   36 #include <sys/sysent.h>
   37 #include <sys/imgact_elf.h>
   38 #include <sys/syscall.h>
   39 #include <sys/signalvar.h>
   40 #include <sys/vnode.h>
   41 
   42 #include <vm/vm.h>
   43 #include <vm/pmap.h>
   44 #include <vm/vm_param.h>
   45 
   46 #include <machine/elf.h>
   47 #include <machine/fpu.h>
   48 #include <machine/md_var.h>
   49 
   50 struct sysentvec elf64_freebsd_sysvec = {
   51         .sv_size        = SYS_MAXSYSCALL,
   52         .sv_table       = sysent,
   53         .sv_mask        = 0,
   54         .sv_errsize     = 0,
   55         .sv_errtbl      = NULL,
   56         .sv_transtrap   = NULL,
   57         .sv_fixup       = __elfN(freebsd_fixup),
   58         .sv_sendsig     = sendsig,
   59         .sv_sigcode     = sigcode,
   60         .sv_szsigcode   = &szsigcode,
   61         .sv_name        = "FreeBSD ELF64",
   62         .sv_coredump    = __elfN(coredump),
   63         .sv_imgact_try  = NULL,
   64         .sv_minsigstksz = MINSIGSTKSZ,
   65         .sv_pagesize    = PAGE_SIZE,
   66         .sv_minuser     = VM_MIN_ADDRESS,
   67         .sv_maxuser     = VM_MAXUSER_ADDRESS,
   68         .sv_usrstack    = USRSTACK,
   69         .sv_psstrings   = PS_STRINGS,
   70         .sv_stackprot   = VM_PROT_ALL,
   71         .sv_copyout_strings     = exec_copyout_strings,
   72         .sv_setregs     = exec_setregs,
   73         .sv_fixlimit    = NULL,
   74         .sv_maxssiz     = NULL,
   75         .sv_flags       = SV_ABI_FREEBSD | SV_LP64 | SV_SHP | SV_TIMEKEEP,
   76         .sv_set_syscall_retval = cpu_set_syscall_retval,
   77         .sv_fetch_syscall_args = cpu_fetch_syscall_args,
   78         .sv_syscallnames = syscallnames,
   79         .sv_shared_page_base = SHAREDPAGE,
   80         .sv_shared_page_len = PAGE_SIZE,
   81         .sv_schedtail   = NULL,
   82         .sv_thread_detach = NULL,
   83         .sv_trap        = NULL,
   84 };
   85 INIT_SYSENTVEC(elf64_sysvec, &elf64_freebsd_sysvec);
   86 
   87 static Elf64_Brandinfo freebsd_brand_info = {
   88         .brand          = ELFOSABI_FREEBSD,
   89         .machine        = EM_X86_64,
   90         .compat_3_brand = "FreeBSD",
   91         .emul_path      = NULL,
   92         .interp_path    = "/libexec/ld-elf.so.1",
   93         .sysvec         = &elf64_freebsd_sysvec,
   94         .interp_newpath = NULL,
   95         .brand_note     = &elf64_freebsd_brandnote,
   96         .flags          = BI_CAN_EXEC_DYN | BI_BRAND_NOTE
   97 };
   98 
   99 SYSINIT(elf64, SI_SUB_EXEC, SI_ORDER_FIRST,
  100         (sysinit_cfunc_t) elf64_insert_brand_entry,
  101         &freebsd_brand_info);
  102 
  103 static Elf64_Brandinfo freebsd_brand_oinfo = {
  104         .brand          = ELFOSABI_FREEBSD,
  105         .machine        = EM_X86_64,
  106         .compat_3_brand = "FreeBSD",
  107         .emul_path      = NULL,
  108         .interp_path    = "/usr/libexec/ld-elf.so.1",
  109         .sysvec         = &elf64_freebsd_sysvec,
  110         .interp_newpath = NULL,
  111         .brand_note     = &elf64_freebsd_brandnote,
  112         .flags          = BI_CAN_EXEC_DYN | BI_BRAND_NOTE
  113 };
  114 
  115 SYSINIT(oelf64, SI_SUB_EXEC, SI_ORDER_ANY,
  116         (sysinit_cfunc_t) elf64_insert_brand_entry,
  117         &freebsd_brand_oinfo);
  118 
  119 static Elf64_Brandinfo kfreebsd_brand_info = {
  120         .brand          = ELFOSABI_FREEBSD,
  121         .machine        = EM_X86_64,
  122         .compat_3_brand = "FreeBSD",
  123         .emul_path      = NULL,
  124         .interp_path    = "/lib/ld-kfreebsd-x86-64.so.1",
  125         .sysvec         = &elf64_freebsd_sysvec,
  126         .interp_newpath = NULL,
  127         .brand_note     = &elf64_kfreebsd_brandnote,
  128         .flags          = BI_CAN_EXEC_DYN | BI_BRAND_NOTE_MANDATORY
  129 };
  130 
  131 SYSINIT(kelf64, SI_SUB_EXEC, SI_ORDER_ANY,
  132         (sysinit_cfunc_t) elf64_insert_brand_entry,
  133         &kfreebsd_brand_info);
  134 
  135 void
  136 elf64_dump_thread(struct thread *td, void *dst, size_t *off)
  137 {
  138         void *buf;
  139         size_t len;
  140 
  141         len = 0;
  142         if (use_xsave) {
  143                 if (dst != NULL) {
  144                         fpugetregs(td);
  145                         len += elf64_populate_note(NT_X86_XSTATE,
  146                             get_pcb_user_save_td(td), dst,
  147                             cpu_max_ext_state_size, &buf);
  148                         *(uint64_t *)((char *)buf + X86_XSTATE_XCR0_OFFSET) =
  149                             xsave_mask;
  150                 } else
  151                         len += elf64_populate_note(NT_X86_XSTATE, NULL, NULL,
  152                             cpu_max_ext_state_size, NULL);
  153         }
  154         *off = len;
  155 }
  156 
  157 /* Process one elf relocation with addend. */
  158 static int
  159 elf_reloc_internal(linker_file_t lf, Elf_Addr relocbase, const void *data,
  160     int type, int local, elf_lookup_fn lookup)
  161 {
  162         Elf64_Addr *where, val;
  163         Elf32_Addr *where32, val32;
  164         Elf_Addr addr;
  165         Elf_Addr addend;
  166         Elf_Size rtype, symidx;
  167         const Elf_Rel *rel;
  168         const Elf_Rela *rela;
  169         int error;
  170 
  171         switch (type) {
  172         case ELF_RELOC_REL:
  173                 rel = (const Elf_Rel *)data;
  174                 where = (Elf_Addr *) (relocbase + rel->r_offset);
  175                 rtype = ELF_R_TYPE(rel->r_info);
  176                 symidx = ELF_R_SYM(rel->r_info);
  177                 /* Addend is 32 bit on 32 bit relocs */
  178                 switch (rtype) {
  179                 case R_X86_64_PC32:
  180                 case R_X86_64_32S:
  181                         addend = *(Elf32_Addr *)where;
  182                         break;
  183                 default:
  184                         addend = *where;
  185                         break;
  186                 }
  187                 break;
  188         case ELF_RELOC_RELA:
  189                 rela = (const Elf_Rela *)data;
  190                 where = (Elf_Addr *) (relocbase + rela->r_offset);
  191                 addend = rela->r_addend;
  192                 rtype = ELF_R_TYPE(rela->r_info);
  193                 symidx = ELF_R_SYM(rela->r_info);
  194                 break;
  195         default:
  196                 panic("unknown reloc type %d\n", type);
  197         }
  198 
  199         switch (rtype) {
  200 
  201                 case R_X86_64_NONE:     /* none */
  202                         break;
  203 
  204                 case R_X86_64_64:               /* S + A */
  205                         error = lookup(lf, symidx, 1, &addr);
  206                         val = addr + addend;
  207                         if (error != 0)
  208                                 return -1;
  209                         if (*where != val)
  210                                 *where = val;
  211                         break;
  212 
  213                 case R_X86_64_PC32:     /* S + A - P */
  214                         error = lookup(lf, symidx, 1, &addr);
  215                         where32 = (Elf32_Addr *)where;
  216                         val32 = (Elf32_Addr)(addr + addend - (Elf_Addr)where);
  217                         if (error != 0)
  218                                 return -1;
  219                         if (*where32 != val32)
  220                                 *where32 = val32;
  221                         break;
  222 
  223                 case R_X86_64_32S:      /* S + A sign extend */
  224                         error = lookup(lf, symidx, 1, &addr);
  225                         val32 = (Elf32_Addr)(addr + addend);
  226                         where32 = (Elf32_Addr *)where;
  227                         if (error != 0)
  228                                 return -1;
  229                         if (*where32 != val32)
  230                                 *where32 = val32;
  231                         break;
  232 
  233                 case R_X86_64_COPY:     /* none */
  234                         /*
  235                          * There shouldn't be copy relocations in kernel
  236                          * objects.
  237                          */
  238                         printf("kldload: unexpected R_COPY relocation\n");
  239                         return -1;
  240                         break;
  241 
  242                 case R_X86_64_GLOB_DAT: /* S */
  243                 case R_X86_64_JMP_SLOT: /* XXX need addend + offset */
  244                         error = lookup(lf, symidx, 1, &addr);
  245                         if (error != 0)
  246                                 return -1;
  247                         if (*where != addr)
  248                                 *where = addr;
  249                         break;
  250 
  251                 case R_X86_64_RELATIVE: /* B + A */
  252                         addr = relocbase + addend;
  253                         val = addr;
  254                         if (*where != val)
  255                                 *where = val;
  256                         break;
  257 
  258                 default:
  259                         printf("kldload: unexpected relocation type %ld\n",
  260                                rtype);
  261                         return -1;
  262         }
  263         return(0);
  264 }
  265 
  266 int
  267 elf_reloc(linker_file_t lf, Elf_Addr relocbase, const void *data, int type,
  268     elf_lookup_fn lookup)
  269 {
  270 
  271         return (elf_reloc_internal(lf, relocbase, data, type, 0, lookup));
  272 }
  273 
  274 int
  275 elf_reloc_local(linker_file_t lf, Elf_Addr relocbase, const void *data,
  276     int type, elf_lookup_fn lookup)
  277 {
  278 
  279         return (elf_reloc_internal(lf, relocbase, data, type, 1, lookup));
  280 }
  281 
  282 int
  283 elf_cpu_load_file(linker_file_t lf __unused)
  284 {
  285 
  286         return (0);
  287 }
  288 
  289 int
  290 elf_cpu_unload_file(linker_file_t lf __unused)
  291 {
  292 
  293         return (0);
  294 }

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