The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System, Second Edition
Now available: The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System (Second Edition)


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FreeBSD/Linux Kernel Cross Reference
sys/i386/i386/legacy.c

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    1 /*-
    2  * Copyright 1998 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    3  *
    4  * Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
    5  * its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
    6  * granted, provided that both the above copyright notice and this
    7  * permission notice appear in all copies, that both the above
    8  * copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all
    9  * supporting documentation, and that the name of M.I.T. not be used
   10  * in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the
   11  * software without specific, written prior permission.  M.I.T. makes
   12  * no representations about the suitability of this software for any
   13  * purpose.  It is provided "as is" without express or implied
   14  * warranty.
   15  * 
   16  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY M.I.T. ``AS IS''.  M.I.T. DISCLAIMS
   17  * ALL EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
   18  * INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   19  * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT
   20  * SHALL M.I.T. BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
   21  * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
   22  * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF
   23  * USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
   24  * ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
   25  * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
   26  * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
   27  * SUCH DAMAGE.
   28  */
   29 
   30 #include <sys/cdefs.h>
   31 __FBSDID("$FreeBSD: releng/7.4/sys/i386/i386/legacy.c 212893 2010-09-20 11:09:31Z avg $");
   32 
   33 /*
   34  * This code implements a system driver for legacy systems that do not
   35  * support ACPI or when ACPI support is not present in the kernel.
   36  */
   37 
   38 #include <sys/param.h>
   39 #include <sys/systm.h>
   40 #include <sys/bus.h>
   41 #include <sys/cpu.h>
   42 #include <sys/kernel.h>
   43 #include <sys/malloc.h>
   44 #include <sys/module.h>
   45 #include <machine/bus.h>
   46 #include <sys/pcpu.h>
   47 #include <sys/rman.h>
   48 #include <sys/smp.h>
   49 
   50 #include "opt_mca.h"
   51 #ifdef DEV_MCA
   52 #include <i386/bios/mca_machdep.h>
   53 #endif
   54 
   55 #include <machine/legacyvar.h>
   56 #include <machine/resource.h>
   57 
   58 static MALLOC_DEFINE(M_LEGACYDEV, "legacydrv", "legacy system device");
   59 struct legacy_device {
   60         int                     lg_pcibus;
   61 };
   62 
   63 #define DEVTOAT(dev)    ((struct legacy_device *)device_get_ivars(dev))
   64 
   65 static void legacy_identify(driver_t *driver, device_t parent);
   66 static  int legacy_probe(device_t);
   67 static  int legacy_attach(device_t);
   68 static  int legacy_print_child(device_t, device_t);
   69 static device_t legacy_add_child(device_t bus, u_int order, const char *name,
   70                                 int unit);
   71 static  int legacy_read_ivar(device_t, device_t, int, uintptr_t *);
   72 static  int legacy_write_ivar(device_t, device_t, int, uintptr_t);
   73 
   74 static device_method_t legacy_methods[] = {
   75         /* Device interface */
   76         DEVMETHOD(device_identify,      legacy_identify),
   77         DEVMETHOD(device_probe,         legacy_probe),
   78         DEVMETHOD(device_attach,        legacy_attach),
   79         DEVMETHOD(device_detach,        bus_generic_detach),
   80         DEVMETHOD(device_shutdown,      bus_generic_shutdown),
   81         DEVMETHOD(device_suspend,       bus_generic_suspend),
   82         DEVMETHOD(device_resume,        bus_generic_resume),
   83 
   84         /* Bus interface */
   85         DEVMETHOD(bus_print_child,      legacy_print_child),
   86         DEVMETHOD(bus_add_child,        legacy_add_child),
   87         DEVMETHOD(bus_read_ivar,        legacy_read_ivar),
   88         DEVMETHOD(bus_write_ivar,       legacy_write_ivar),
   89         DEVMETHOD(bus_alloc_resource,   bus_generic_alloc_resource),
   90         DEVMETHOD(bus_release_resource, bus_generic_release_resource),
   91         DEVMETHOD(bus_activate_resource, bus_generic_activate_resource),
   92         DEVMETHOD(bus_deactivate_resource, bus_generic_deactivate_resource),
   93         DEVMETHOD(bus_setup_intr,       bus_generic_setup_intr),
   94         DEVMETHOD(bus_teardown_intr,    bus_generic_teardown_intr),
   95 
   96         { 0, 0 }
   97 };
   98 
   99 static driver_t legacy_driver = {
  100         "legacy",
  101         legacy_methods,
  102         1,                      /* no softc */
  103 };
  104 static devclass_t legacy_devclass;
  105 
  106 DRIVER_MODULE(legacy, nexus, legacy_driver, legacy_devclass, 0, 0);
  107 
  108 static void
  109 legacy_identify(driver_t *driver, device_t parent)
  110 {
  111 
  112         /*
  113          * Add child device with order of 11 so it gets probed
  114          * after ACPI (which is at order 10).
  115          */
  116         if (BUS_ADD_CHILD(parent, 11, "legacy", 0) == NULL)
  117                 panic("legacy: could not attach");
  118 }
  119 
  120 static int
  121 legacy_probe(device_t dev)
  122 {
  123         device_t acpi;
  124 
  125         /*
  126          * Fail to probe if ACPI is ok.
  127          */
  128         acpi = devclass_get_device(devclass_find("acpi"), 0);
  129         if (acpi != NULL && device_is_alive(acpi))
  130                 return (ENXIO);
  131         device_set_desc(dev, "legacy system");
  132         device_quiet(dev);
  133         return (0);
  134 }
  135 
  136 static int
  137 legacy_attach(device_t dev)
  138 {
  139         device_t child;
  140 
  141         /*
  142          * Let our child drivers identify any child devices that they
  143          * can find.  Once that is done attach any devices that we
  144          * found.
  145          */
  146         bus_generic_probe(dev);
  147         bus_generic_attach(dev);
  148 
  149 #ifndef PC98
  150         /*
  151          * If we didn't see EISA or ISA on a pci bridge, create some
  152          * connection points now so they show up "on motherboard".
  153          */
  154         if (!devclass_get_device(devclass_find("eisa"), 0)) {
  155                 child = BUS_ADD_CHILD(dev, 0, "eisa", 0);
  156                 if (child == NULL)
  157                         panic("legacy_attach eisa");
  158                 device_probe_and_attach(child);
  159         }
  160 #endif
  161 #ifdef DEV_MCA
  162         if (MCA_system && !devclass_get_device(devclass_find("mca"), 0)) {
  163                 child = BUS_ADD_CHILD(dev, 0, "mca", 0);
  164                 if (child == 0)
  165                         panic("legacy_probe mca");
  166                 device_probe_and_attach(child);
  167         }
  168 #endif
  169         if (!devclass_get_device(devclass_find("isa"), 0)) {
  170                 child = BUS_ADD_CHILD(dev, 0, "isa", 0);
  171                 if (child == NULL)
  172                         panic("legacy_attach isa");
  173                 device_probe_and_attach(child);
  174         }
  175 
  176         return 0;
  177 }
  178 
  179 static int
  180 legacy_print_child(device_t bus, device_t child)
  181 {
  182         struct legacy_device *atdev = DEVTOAT(child);
  183         int retval = 0;
  184 
  185         retval += bus_print_child_header(bus, child);
  186         if (atdev->lg_pcibus != -1)
  187                 retval += printf(" pcibus %d", atdev->lg_pcibus);
  188         retval += printf(" on motherboard\n");  /* XXX "motherboard", ick */
  189 
  190         return (retval);
  191 }
  192 
  193 static device_t
  194 legacy_add_child(device_t bus, u_int order, const char *name, int unit)
  195 {
  196         device_t child;
  197         struct legacy_device *atdev;
  198 
  199         atdev = malloc(sizeof(struct legacy_device), M_LEGACYDEV,
  200             M_NOWAIT | M_ZERO);
  201         if (atdev == NULL)
  202                 return(NULL);
  203         atdev->lg_pcibus = -1;
  204 
  205         child = device_add_child_ordered(bus, order, name, unit);
  206         if (child == NULL)
  207                 free(atdev, M_LEGACYDEV);
  208         else
  209                 /* should we free this in legacy_child_detached? */
  210                 device_set_ivars(child, atdev);
  211 
  212         return (child);
  213 }
  214 
  215 static int
  216 legacy_read_ivar(device_t dev, device_t child, int which, uintptr_t *result)
  217 {
  218         struct legacy_device *atdev = DEVTOAT(child);
  219 
  220         switch (which) {
  221         case LEGACY_IVAR_PCIDOMAIN:
  222                 *result = 0;
  223                 break;
  224         case LEGACY_IVAR_PCIBUS:
  225                 *result = atdev->lg_pcibus;
  226                 break;
  227         default:
  228                 return ENOENT;
  229         }
  230         return 0;
  231 }
  232         
  233 
  234 static int
  235 legacy_write_ivar(device_t dev, device_t child, int which, uintptr_t value)
  236 {
  237         struct legacy_device *atdev = DEVTOAT(child);
  238 
  239         switch (which) {
  240         case LEGACY_IVAR_PCIDOMAIN:
  241                 return EINVAL;
  242         case LEGACY_IVAR_PCIBUS:
  243                 atdev->lg_pcibus = value;
  244                 break;
  245         default:
  246                 return ENOENT;
  247         }
  248         return 0;
  249 }
  250 
  251 /*
  252  * Legacy CPU attachment when ACPI is not available.  Drivers like
  253  * cpufreq(4) hang off this.
  254  */
  255 static void     cpu_identify(driver_t *driver, device_t parent);
  256 static int      cpu_read_ivar(device_t dev, device_t child, int index,
  257                     uintptr_t *result);
  258 static device_t cpu_add_child(device_t bus, u_int order, const char *name,
  259                     int unit);
  260 static struct resource_list *cpu_get_rlist(device_t dev, device_t child);
  261 
  262 struct cpu_device {
  263         struct resource_list cd_rl;
  264         struct pcpu *cd_pcpu;
  265 };
  266 
  267 static device_method_t cpu_methods[] = {
  268         /* Device interface */
  269         DEVMETHOD(device_identify,      cpu_identify),
  270         DEVMETHOD(device_probe,         bus_generic_probe),
  271         DEVMETHOD(device_attach,        bus_generic_attach),
  272         DEVMETHOD(device_detach,        bus_generic_detach),
  273         DEVMETHOD(device_shutdown,      bus_generic_shutdown),
  274         DEVMETHOD(device_suspend,       bus_generic_suspend),
  275         DEVMETHOD(device_resume,        bus_generic_resume),
  276 
  277         /* Bus interface */
  278         DEVMETHOD(bus_add_child,        cpu_add_child),
  279         DEVMETHOD(bus_read_ivar,        cpu_read_ivar),
  280         DEVMETHOD(bus_print_child,      bus_generic_print_child),
  281         DEVMETHOD(bus_get_resource_list, cpu_get_rlist),
  282         DEVMETHOD(bus_get_resource,     bus_generic_rl_get_resource),
  283         DEVMETHOD(bus_set_resource,     bus_generic_rl_set_resource),
  284         DEVMETHOD(bus_alloc_resource,   bus_generic_rl_alloc_resource),
  285         DEVMETHOD(bus_release_resource, bus_generic_rl_release_resource),
  286         DEVMETHOD(bus_driver_added,     bus_generic_driver_added),
  287         DEVMETHOD(bus_activate_resource, bus_generic_activate_resource),
  288         DEVMETHOD(bus_deactivate_resource, bus_generic_deactivate_resource),
  289         DEVMETHOD(bus_setup_intr,       bus_generic_setup_intr),
  290         DEVMETHOD(bus_teardown_intr,    bus_generic_teardown_intr),
  291 
  292         { 0, 0 }
  293 };
  294 
  295 static driver_t cpu_driver = {
  296         "cpu",
  297         cpu_methods,
  298         1,              /* no softc */
  299 };
  300 static devclass_t cpu_devclass;
  301 DRIVER_MODULE(cpu, legacy, cpu_driver, cpu_devclass, 0, 0);
  302 
  303 static void
  304 cpu_identify(driver_t *driver, device_t parent)
  305 {
  306         device_t child;
  307         int i;
  308 
  309         /*
  310          * Attach a cpuX device for each CPU.  We use an order of 150
  311          * so that these devices are attached after the Host-PCI
  312          * bridges (which are added at order 100).
  313          */
  314         for (i = 0; i <= mp_maxid; i++)
  315                 if (!CPU_ABSENT(i)) {
  316                         child = BUS_ADD_CHILD(parent, 150, "cpu", i);
  317                         if (child == NULL)
  318                                 panic("legacy_attach cpu");
  319                 }
  320 }
  321 
  322 static device_t
  323 cpu_add_child(device_t bus, u_int order, const char *name, int unit)
  324 {
  325         struct cpu_device *cd;
  326         device_t child;
  327         struct pcpu *pc;
  328 
  329         if ((cd = malloc(sizeof(*cd), M_DEVBUF, M_NOWAIT | M_ZERO)) == NULL)
  330                 return (NULL);
  331 
  332         resource_list_init(&cd->cd_rl);
  333         pc = pcpu_find(device_get_unit(bus));
  334         cd->cd_pcpu = pc;
  335 
  336         child = device_add_child_ordered(bus, order, name, unit);
  337         if (child != NULL) {
  338                 pc->pc_device = child;
  339                 device_set_ivars(child, cd);
  340         } else
  341                 free(cd, M_DEVBUF);
  342         return (child);
  343 }
  344 
  345 static struct resource_list *
  346 cpu_get_rlist(device_t dev, device_t child)
  347 {
  348         struct cpu_device *cpdev;
  349 
  350         cpdev = device_get_ivars(child);
  351         return (&cpdev->cd_rl);
  352 }
  353 
  354 static int
  355 cpu_read_ivar(device_t dev, device_t child, int index, uintptr_t *result)
  356 {
  357         struct cpu_device *cpdev;
  358 
  359         if (index != CPU_IVAR_PCPU)
  360                 return (ENOENT);
  361         cpdev = device_get_ivars(child);
  362         *result = (uintptr_t)cpdev->cd_pcpu;
  363         return (0);
  364 }

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