The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System, Second Edition
Now available: The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System (Second Edition)


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FreeBSD/Linux Kernel Cross Reference
sys/i386/include/asmacros.h

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    1 /*-
    2  * Copyright (c) 1993 The Regents of the University of California.
    3  * All rights reserved.
    4  *
    5  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    6  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
    7  * are met:
    8  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
    9  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
   10  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
   11  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
   12  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
   13  * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
   14  *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
   15  *    without specific prior written permission.
   16  *
   17  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
   18  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
   19  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
   20  * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
   21  * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
   22  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
   23  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
   24  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
   25  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
   26  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
   27  * SUCH DAMAGE.
   28  *
   29  * $FreeBSD$
   30  */
   31 
   32 #ifndef _MACHINE_ASMACROS_H_
   33 #define _MACHINE_ASMACROS_H_
   34 
   35 #include <sys/cdefs.h>
   36 
   37 /* XXX too much duplication in various asm*.h's. */
   38 
   39 /*
   40  * CNAME and HIDENAME manage the relationship between symbol names in C
   41  * and the equivalent assembly language names.  CNAME is given a name as
   42  * it would be used in a C program.  It expands to the equivalent assembly
   43  * language name.  HIDENAME is given an assembly-language name, and expands
   44  * to a possibly-modified form that will be invisible to C programs.
   45  */
   46 #define CNAME(csym)             csym
   47 #define HIDENAME(asmsym)        .asmsym
   48 
   49 #define ALIGN_DATA      .p2align 2      /* 4 byte alignment, zero filled */
   50 #ifdef GPROF
   51 #define ALIGN_TEXT      .p2align 4,0x90 /* 16-byte alignment, nop filled */
   52 #else
   53 #define ALIGN_TEXT      .p2align 2,0x90 /* 4-byte alignment, nop filled */
   54 #endif
   55 #define SUPERALIGN_TEXT .p2align 4,0x90 /* 16-byte alignment, nop filled */
   56 
   57 #define GEN_ENTRY(name)         ALIGN_TEXT; .globl CNAME(name); \
   58                                 .type CNAME(name),@function; CNAME(name):
   59 #define NON_GPROF_ENTRY(name)   GEN_ENTRY(name)
   60 #define NON_GPROF_RET           .byte 0xc3      /* opcode for `ret' */
   61 
   62 #ifdef LOCORE
   63 #define PCPU(member)    %fs:PC_ ## member
   64 #define PCPU_ADDR(member, reg)  movl %fs:PC_PRVSPACE,reg; \
   65                         addl $PC_ ## member,reg
   66 #endif
   67 
   68 #ifdef GPROF
   69 /*
   70  * __mcount is like [.]mcount except that doesn't require its caller to set
   71  * up a frame pointer.  It must be called before pushing anything onto the
   72  * stack.  gcc should eventually generate code to call __mcount in most
   73  * cases.  This would make -pg in combination with -fomit-frame-pointer
   74  * useful.  gcc has a configuration variable PROFILE_BEFORE_PROLOGUE to
   75  * allow profiling before setting up the frame pointer, but this is
   76  * inadequate for good handling of special cases, e.g., -fpic works best
   77  * with profiling after the prologue.
   78  *
   79  * [.]mexitcount is a new function to support non-statistical profiling if an
   80  * accurate clock is available.  For C sources, calls to it are generated
   81  * by the FreeBSD extension `-mprofiler-epilogue' to gcc.  It is best to
   82  * call [.]mexitcount at the end of a function like the MEXITCOUNT macro does,
   83  * but gcc currently generates calls to it at the start of the epilogue to
   84  * avoid problems with -fpic.
   85  *
   86  * [.]mcount and __mcount may clobber the call-used registers and %ef.
   87  * [.]mexitcount may clobber %ecx and %ef.
   88  *
   89  * Cross-jumping makes non-statistical profiling timing more complicated.
   90  * It is handled in many cases by calling [.]mexitcount before jumping.  It
   91  * is handled for conditional jumps using CROSSJUMP() and CROSSJUMP_LABEL().
   92  * It is handled for some fault-handling jumps by not sharing the exit
   93  * routine.
   94  *
   95  * ALTENTRY() must be before a corresponding ENTRY() so that it can jump to
   96  * the main entry point.  Note that alt entries are counted twice.  They
   97  * have to be counted as ordinary entries for gprof to get the call times
   98  * right for the ordinary entries.
   99  *
  100  * High local labels are used in macros to avoid clashes with local labels
  101  * in functions.
  102  *
  103  * Ordinary `ret' is used instead of a macro `RET' because there are a lot
  104  * of `ret's.  0xc3 is the opcode for `ret' (`#define ret ... ret' can't
  105  * be used because this file is sometimes preprocessed in traditional mode).
  106  * `ret' clobbers eflags but this doesn't matter.
  107  */
  108 #define ALTENTRY(name)          GEN_ENTRY(name) ; MCOUNT ; MEXITCOUNT ; jmp 9f
  109 #define CROSSJUMP(jtrue, label, jfalse) \
  110         jfalse 8f; MEXITCOUNT; jmp __CONCAT(to,label); 8:
  111 #define CROSSJUMPTARGET(label) \
  112         ALIGN_TEXT; __CONCAT(to,label): ; MCOUNT; jmp label
  113 #define ENTRY(name)             GEN_ENTRY(name) ; 9: ; MCOUNT
  114 #define FAKE_MCOUNT(caller)     pushl caller ; call __mcount ; popl %ecx
  115 #define MCOUNT                  call __mcount
  116 #define MCOUNT_LABEL(name)      GEN_ENTRY(name) ; nop ; ALIGN_TEXT
  117 #define MEXITCOUNT              call HIDENAME(mexitcount)
  118 #define ret                     MEXITCOUNT ; NON_GPROF_RET
  119 
  120 #else /* !GPROF */
  121 /*
  122  * ALTENTRY() has to align because it is before a corresponding ENTRY().
  123  * ENTRY() has to align to because there may be no ALTENTRY() before it.
  124  * If there is a previous ALTENTRY() then the alignment code for ENTRY()
  125  * is empty.
  126  */
  127 #define ALTENTRY(name)          GEN_ENTRY(name)
  128 #define CROSSJUMP(jtrue, label, jfalse) jtrue label
  129 #define CROSSJUMPTARGET(label)
  130 #define ENTRY(name)             GEN_ENTRY(name)
  131 #define FAKE_MCOUNT(caller)
  132 #define MCOUNT
  133 #define MCOUNT_LABEL(name)
  134 #define MEXITCOUNT
  135 #endif /* GPROF */
  136 
  137 #ifdef LOCORE
  138 /*
  139  * Convenience macros for declaring interrupt entry points and trap
  140  * stubs.
  141  */
  142 #define IDTVEC(name)    ALIGN_TEXT; .globl __CONCAT(X,name); \
  143                         .type __CONCAT(X,name),@function; __CONCAT(X,name):
  144 #define TRAP(a)         pushl $(a) ; jmp alltraps
  145 
  146 #endif /* LOCORE */
  147 
  148 #endif /* !_MACHINE_ASMACROS_H_ */

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