The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System, Second Edition
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sys/opencrypto/skipjack.c

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    1 /*      $FreeBSD: releng/5.0/sys/opencrypto/skipjack.c 104476 2002-10-04 20:31:23Z sam $        */
    2 /*      $OpenBSD: skipjack.c,v 1.3 2001/05/05 00:31:34 angelos Exp $    */
    3 
    4 /* 
    5  * Further optimized test implementation of SKIPJACK algorithm 
    6  * Mark Tillotson <markt@chaos.org.uk>, 25 June 98

    7  * Optimizations suit RISC (lots of registers) machine best.
    8  *
    9  * based on unoptimized implementation of
   10  * Panu Rissanen <bande@lut.fi> 960624
   11  *
   12  * SKIPJACK and KEA Algorithm Specifications 
   13  * Version 2.0 
   14  * 29 May 1998
   15 */
   16 
   17 #include <sys/param.h>
   18 
   19 #include <opencrypto/skipjack.h>
   20 
   21 static const u_int8_t ftable[0x100] =
   22 { 
   23         0xa3, 0xd7, 0x09, 0x83, 0xf8, 0x48, 0xf6, 0xf4, 
   24         0xb3, 0x21, 0x15, 0x78, 0x99, 0xb1, 0xaf, 0xf9, 
   25         0xe7, 0x2d, 0x4d, 0x8a, 0xce, 0x4c, 0xca, 0x2e, 
   26         0x52, 0x95, 0xd9, 0x1e, 0x4e, 0x38, 0x44, 0x28, 
   27         0x0a, 0xdf, 0x02, 0xa0, 0x17, 0xf1, 0x60, 0x68, 
   28         0x12, 0xb7, 0x7a, 0xc3, 0xe9, 0xfa, 0x3d, 0x53, 
   29         0x96, 0x84, 0x6b, 0xba, 0xf2, 0x63, 0x9a, 0x19, 
   30         0x7c, 0xae, 0xe5, 0xf5, 0xf7, 0x16, 0x6a, 0xa2, 
   31         0x39, 0xb6, 0x7b, 0x0f, 0xc1, 0x93, 0x81, 0x1b, 
   32         0xee, 0xb4, 0x1a, 0xea, 0xd0, 0x91, 0x2f, 0xb8, 
   33         0x55, 0xb9, 0xda, 0x85, 0x3f, 0x41, 0xbf, 0xe0, 
   34         0x5a, 0x58, 0x80, 0x5f, 0x66, 0x0b, 0xd8, 0x90, 
   35         0x35, 0xd5, 0xc0, 0xa7, 0x33, 0x06, 0x65, 0x69, 
   36         0x45, 0x00, 0x94, 0x56, 0x6d, 0x98, 0x9b, 0x76, 
   37         0x97, 0xfc, 0xb2, 0xc2, 0xb0, 0xfe, 0xdb, 0x20, 
   38         0xe1, 0xeb, 0xd6, 0xe4, 0xdd, 0x47, 0x4a, 0x1d, 
   39         0x42, 0xed, 0x9e, 0x6e, 0x49, 0x3c, 0xcd, 0x43, 
   40         0x27, 0xd2, 0x07, 0xd4, 0xde, 0xc7, 0x67, 0x18, 
   41         0x89, 0xcb, 0x30, 0x1f, 0x8d, 0xc6, 0x8f, 0xaa, 
   42         0xc8, 0x74, 0xdc, 0xc9, 0x5d, 0x5c, 0x31, 0xa4, 
   43         0x70, 0x88, 0x61, 0x2c, 0x9f, 0x0d, 0x2b, 0x87, 
   44         0x50, 0x82, 0x54, 0x64, 0x26, 0x7d, 0x03, 0x40, 
   45         0x34, 0x4b, 0x1c, 0x73, 0xd1, 0xc4, 0xfd, 0x3b, 
   46         0xcc, 0xfb, 0x7f, 0xab, 0xe6, 0x3e, 0x5b, 0xa5, 
   47         0xad, 0x04, 0x23, 0x9c, 0x14, 0x51, 0x22, 0xf0, 
   48         0x29, 0x79, 0x71, 0x7e, 0xff, 0x8c, 0x0e, 0xe2, 
   49         0x0c, 0xef, 0xbc, 0x72, 0x75, 0x6f, 0x37, 0xa1, 
   50         0xec, 0xd3, 0x8e, 0x62, 0x8b, 0x86, 0x10, 0xe8, 
   51         0x08, 0x77, 0x11, 0xbe, 0x92, 0x4f, 0x24, 0xc5, 
   52         0x32, 0x36, 0x9d, 0xcf, 0xf3, 0xa6, 0xbb, 0xac, 
   53         0x5e, 0x6c, 0xa9, 0x13, 0x57, 0x25, 0xb5, 0xe3, 
   54         0xbd, 0xa8, 0x3a, 0x01, 0x05, 0x59, 0x2a, 0x46
   55 };
   56 
   57 /*
   58  * For each key byte generate a table to represent the function 
   59  *    ftable [in ^ keybyte]
   60  *
   61  * These tables used to save an XOR in each stage of the G-function
   62  * the tables are hopefully pointed to by register allocated variables
   63  * k0, k1..k9
   64  */
   65 void
   66 subkey_table_gen (u_int8_t *key, u_int8_t **key_tables)
   67 {
   68         int i, k;
   69 
   70         for (k = 0; k < 10; k++) {
   71                 u_int8_t   key_byte = key [k];
   72                 u_int8_t * table = key_tables[k];
   73                 for (i = 0; i < 0x100; i++)
   74                         table [i] = ftable [i ^ key_byte];
   75         }
   76 }
   77 
   78 
   79 #define g(k0, k1, k2, k3, ih, il, oh, ol) \
   80 { \
   81         oh = k##k0 [il] ^ ih; \
   82         ol = k##k1 [oh] ^ il; \
   83         oh = k##k2 [ol] ^ oh; \
   84         ol = k##k3 [oh] ^ ol; \
   85 }
   86 
   87 #define g0(ih, il, oh, ol) g(0, 1, 2, 3, ih, il, oh, ol)
   88 #define g4(ih, il, oh, ol) g(4, 5, 6, 7, ih, il, oh, ol)
   89 #define g8(ih, il, oh, ol) g(8, 9, 0, 1, ih, il, oh, ol)
   90 #define g2(ih, il, oh, ol) g(2, 3, 4, 5, ih, il, oh, ol)
   91 #define g6(ih, il, oh, ol) g(6, 7, 8, 9, ih, il, oh, ol)
   92 
   93  
   94 #define g_inv(k0, k1, k2, k3, ih, il, oh, ol) \
   95 { \
   96         ol = k##k3 [ih] ^ il; \
   97         oh = k##k2 [ol] ^ ih; \
   98         ol = k##k1 [oh] ^ ol; \
   99         oh = k##k0 [ol] ^ oh; \
  100 }
  101 
  102 
  103 #define g0_inv(ih, il, oh, ol) g_inv(0, 1, 2, 3, ih, il, oh, ol)
  104 #define g4_inv(ih, il, oh, ol) g_inv(4, 5, 6, 7, ih, il, oh, ol)
  105 #define g8_inv(ih, il, oh, ol) g_inv(8, 9, 0, 1, ih, il, oh, ol)
  106 #define g2_inv(ih, il, oh, ol) g_inv(2, 3, 4, 5, ih, il, oh, ol)
  107 #define g6_inv(ih, il, oh, ol) g_inv(6, 7, 8, 9, ih, il, oh, ol)
  108 
  109 /* optimized version of Skipjack algorithm
  110  *
  111  * the appropriate g-function is inlined for each round
  112  *
  113  * the data movement is minimized by rotating the names of the 
  114  * variables w1..w4, not their contents (saves 3 moves per round)
  115  *
  116  * the loops are completely unrolled (needed to staticize choice of g)
  117  *
  118  * compiles to about 470 instructions on a Sparc (gcc -O)
  119  * which is about 58 instructions per byte, 14 per round.
  120  * gcc seems to leave in some unnecessary and with 0xFF operations
  121  * but only in the latter part of the functions.  Perhaps it
  122  * runs out of resources to properly optimize long inlined function?
  123  * in theory should get about 11 instructions per round, not 14
  124  */
  125 
  126 void
  127 skipjack_forwards(u_int8_t *plain, u_int8_t *cipher, u_int8_t **key_tables)
  128 {
  129         u_int8_t wh1 = plain[0];  u_int8_t wl1 = plain[1];
  130         u_int8_t wh2 = plain[2];  u_int8_t wl2 = plain[3];
  131         u_int8_t wh3 = plain[4];  u_int8_t wl3 = plain[5];
  132         u_int8_t wh4 = plain[6];  u_int8_t wl4 = plain[7];
  133 
  134         u_int8_t * k0 = key_tables [0];
  135         u_int8_t * k1 = key_tables [1];
  136         u_int8_t * k2 = key_tables [2];
  137         u_int8_t * k3 = key_tables [3];
  138         u_int8_t * k4 = key_tables [4];
  139         u_int8_t * k5 = key_tables [5];
  140         u_int8_t * k6 = key_tables [6];
  141         u_int8_t * k7 = key_tables [7];
  142         u_int8_t * k8 = key_tables [8];
  143         u_int8_t * k9 = key_tables [9];
  144 
  145         /* first 8 rounds */
  146         g0 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 1; wh4 ^= wh1;
  147         g4 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 2; wh3 ^= wh4;
  148         g8 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 3; wh2 ^= wh3;
  149         g2 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 4; wh1 ^= wh2;
  150         g6 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 5; wh4 ^= wh1;
  151         g0 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 6; wh3 ^= wh4;
  152         g4 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 7; wh2 ^= wh3;
  153         g8 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 8; wh1 ^= wh2;
  154 
  155         /* second 8 rounds */
  156         wh2 ^= wh1; wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 9 ; g2 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  157         wh1 ^= wh4; wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 10; g6 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  158         wh4 ^= wh3; wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 11; g0 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  159         wh3 ^= wh2; wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 12; g4 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  160         wh2 ^= wh1; wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 13; g8 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  161         wh1 ^= wh4; wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 14; g2 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  162         wh4 ^= wh3; wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 15; g6 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  163         wh3 ^= wh2; wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 16; g0 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  164 
  165         /* third 8 rounds */
  166         g4 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 17; wh4 ^= wh1;
  167         g8 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 18; wh3 ^= wh4;
  168         g2 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 19; wh2 ^= wh3;
  169         g6 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 20; wh1 ^= wh2;
  170         g0 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 21; wh4 ^= wh1;
  171         g4 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 22; wh3 ^= wh4;
  172         g8 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 23; wh2 ^= wh3;
  173         g2 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 24; wh1 ^= wh2;
  174 
  175         /* last 8 rounds */
  176         wh2 ^= wh1; wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 25; g6 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  177         wh1 ^= wh4; wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 26; g0 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  178         wh4 ^= wh3; wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 27; g4 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  179         wh3 ^= wh2; wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 28; g8 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  180         wh2 ^= wh1; wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 29; g2 (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  181         wh1 ^= wh4; wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 30; g6 (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  182         wh4 ^= wh3; wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 31; g0 (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  183         wh3 ^= wh2; wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 32; g4 (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  184 
  185         /* pack into byte vector */
  186         cipher [0] = wh1;  cipher [1] = wl1;
  187         cipher [2] = wh2;  cipher [3] = wl2;
  188         cipher [4] = wh3;  cipher [5] = wl3;
  189         cipher [6] = wh4;  cipher [7] = wl4;
  190 }
  191 
  192 
  193 void
  194 skipjack_backwards (u_int8_t *cipher, u_int8_t *plain, u_int8_t **key_tables)
  195 {
  196         /* setup 4 16-bit portions */
  197         u_int8_t wh1 = cipher[0];  u_int8_t wl1 = cipher[1];
  198         u_int8_t wh2 = cipher[2];  u_int8_t wl2 = cipher[3];
  199         u_int8_t wh3 = cipher[4];  u_int8_t wl3 = cipher[5];
  200         u_int8_t wh4 = cipher[6];  u_int8_t wl4 = cipher[7];
  201 
  202         u_int8_t * k0 = key_tables [0];
  203         u_int8_t * k1 = key_tables [1];
  204         u_int8_t * k2 = key_tables [2];
  205         u_int8_t * k3 = key_tables [3];
  206         u_int8_t * k4 = key_tables [4];
  207         u_int8_t * k5 = key_tables [5];
  208         u_int8_t * k6 = key_tables [6];
  209         u_int8_t * k7 = key_tables [7];
  210         u_int8_t * k8 = key_tables [8];
  211         u_int8_t * k9 = key_tables [9];
  212 
  213         /* first 8 rounds */
  214         g4_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 32; wh3 ^= wh2;
  215         g0_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 31; wh4 ^= wh3;
  216         g6_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 30; wh1 ^= wh4;
  217         g2_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 29; wh2 ^= wh1;
  218         g8_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 28; wh3 ^= wh2;
  219         g4_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 27; wh4 ^= wh3;
  220         g0_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 26; wh1 ^= wh4;
  221         g6_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 25; wh2 ^= wh1;
  222 
  223         /* second 8 rounds */
  224         wh1 ^= wh2; wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 24; g2_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  225         wh2 ^= wh3; wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 23; g8_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  226         wh3 ^= wh4; wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 22; g4_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  227         wh4 ^= wh1; wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 21; g0_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  228         wh1 ^= wh2; wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 20; g6_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  229         wh2 ^= wh3; wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 19; g2_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  230         wh3 ^= wh4; wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 18; g8_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  231         wh4 ^= wh1; wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 17; g4_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  232 
  233         /* third 8 rounds */
  234         g0_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 16; wh3 ^= wh2;
  235         g6_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 15; wh4 ^= wh3;
  236         g2_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 14; wh1 ^= wh4;
  237         g8_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 13; wh2 ^= wh1;
  238         g4_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2); wl3 ^= wl2 ^ 12; wh3 ^= wh2;
  239         g0_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3); wl4 ^= wl3 ^ 11; wh4 ^= wh3;
  240         g6_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4); wl1 ^= wl4 ^ 10; wh1 ^= wh4;
  241         g2_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1); wl2 ^= wl1 ^ 9;  wh2 ^= wh1;
  242 
  243         /* last 8 rounds */
  244         wh1 ^= wh2; wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 8; g8_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  245         wh2 ^= wh3; wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 7; g4_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  246         wh3 ^= wh4; wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 6; g0_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  247         wh4 ^= wh1; wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 5; g6_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  248         wh1 ^= wh2; wl1 ^= wl2 ^ 4; g2_inv (wh2,wl2, wh2,wl2);
  249         wh2 ^= wh3; wl2 ^= wl3 ^ 3; g8_inv (wh3,wl3, wh3,wl3);
  250         wh3 ^= wh4; wl3 ^= wl4 ^ 2; g4_inv (wh4,wl4, wh4,wl4);
  251         wh4 ^= wh1; wl4 ^= wl1 ^ 1; g0_inv (wh1,wl1, wh1,wl1);
  252 
  253         /* pack into byte vector */
  254         plain [0] = wh1;  plain [1] = wl1;
  255         plain [2] = wh2;  plain [3] = wl2;
  256         plain [4] = wh3;  plain [5] = wl3;
  257         plain [6] = wh4;  plain [7] = wl4;
  258 }

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