The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System, Second Edition
Now available: The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System (Second Edition)


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FreeBSD/Linux Kernel Cross Reference
sys/sys/ata.h

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    1 /*-
    2  * Copyright (c) 2000 - 2008 Søren Schmidt <sos@FreeBSD.org>
    3  * All rights reserved.
    4  *
    5  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    6  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
    7  * are met:
    8  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
    9  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer,
   10  *    without modification, immediately at the beginning of the file.
   11  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
   12  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
   13  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
   14  *
   15  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
   16  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
   17  * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
   18  * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
   19  * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
   20  * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
   21  * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
   22  * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
   23  * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
   24  * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
   25  *
   26  * $FreeBSD: releng/10.0/sys/sys/ata.h 249931 2013-04-26 15:46:09Z smh $
   27  */
   28 
   29 #ifndef _SYS_ATA_H_
   30 #define _SYS_ATA_H_
   31 
   32 #include <sys/ioccom.h>
   33 
   34 /* ATA/ATAPI device parameters */
   35 struct ata_params {
   36 /*000*/ u_int16_t       config;         /* configuration info */
   37 #define ATA_PROTO_MASK                  0x8003
   38 #define ATA_PROTO_ATAPI                 0x8000
   39 #define ATA_PROTO_ATAPI_12              0x8000
   40 #define ATA_PROTO_ATAPI_16              0x8001
   41 #define ATA_PROTO_CFA                   0x848a
   42 #define ATA_ATAPI_TYPE_MASK             0x1f00
   43 #define ATA_ATAPI_TYPE_DIRECT           0x0000  /* disk/floppy */
   44 #define ATA_ATAPI_TYPE_TAPE             0x0100  /* streaming tape */
   45 #define ATA_ATAPI_TYPE_CDROM            0x0500  /* CD-ROM device */
   46 #define ATA_ATAPI_TYPE_OPTICAL          0x0700  /* optical disk */
   47 #define ATA_DRQ_MASK                    0x0060
   48 #define ATA_DRQ_SLOW                    0x0000  /* cpu 3 ms delay */
   49 #define ATA_DRQ_INTR                    0x0020  /* interrupt 10 ms delay */
   50 #define ATA_DRQ_FAST                    0x0040  /* accel 50 us delay */
   51 #define ATA_RESP_INCOMPLETE             0x0004
   52 
   53 /*001*/ u_int16_t       cylinders;              /* # of cylinders */
   54 /*002*/ u_int16_t       specconf;               /* specific configuration */
   55 /*003*/ u_int16_t       heads;                  /* # heads */
   56         u_int16_t       obsolete4;
   57         u_int16_t       obsolete5;
   58 /*006*/ u_int16_t       sectors;                /* # sectors/track */
   59 /*007*/ u_int16_t       vendor7[3];
   60 /*010*/ u_int8_t        serial[20];             /* serial number */
   61 /*020*/ u_int16_t       retired20;
   62         u_int16_t       retired21;
   63         u_int16_t       obsolete22;
   64 /*023*/ u_int8_t        revision[8];            /* firmware revision */
   65 /*027*/ u_int8_t        model[40];              /* model name */
   66 /*047*/ u_int16_t       sectors_intr;           /* sectors per interrupt */
   67 /*048*/ u_int16_t       usedmovsd;              /* double word read/write? */
   68 /*049*/ u_int16_t       capabilities1;
   69 #define ATA_SUPPORT_DMA                 0x0100
   70 #define ATA_SUPPORT_LBA                 0x0200
   71 #define ATA_SUPPORT_IORDY               0x0400
   72 #define ATA_SUPPORT_IORDYDIS            0x0800
   73 #define ATA_SUPPORT_OVERLAP             0x4000
   74 
   75 /*050*/ u_int16_t       capabilities2;
   76 /*051*/ u_int16_t       retired_piomode;        /* PIO modes 0-2 */
   77 #define ATA_RETIRED_PIO_MASK            0x0300
   78 
   79 /*052*/ u_int16_t       retired_dmamode;        /* DMA modes */
   80 #define ATA_RETIRED_DMA_MASK            0x0003
   81 
   82 /*053*/ u_int16_t       atavalid;               /* fields valid */
   83 #define ATA_FLAG_54_58                  0x0001  /* words 54-58 valid */
   84 #define ATA_FLAG_64_70                  0x0002  /* words 64-70 valid */
   85 #define ATA_FLAG_88                     0x0004  /* word 88 valid */
   86 
   87 /*054*/ u_int16_t       current_cylinders;
   88 /*055*/ u_int16_t       current_heads;
   89 /*056*/ u_int16_t       current_sectors;
   90 /*057*/ u_int16_t       current_size_1;
   91 /*058*/ u_int16_t       current_size_2;
   92 /*059*/ u_int16_t       multi;
   93 #define ATA_MULTI_VALID                 0x0100
   94 
   95 /*060*/ u_int16_t       lba_size_1;
   96         u_int16_t       lba_size_2;
   97         u_int16_t       obsolete62;
   98 /*063*/ u_int16_t       mwdmamodes;             /* multiword DMA modes */
   99 /*064*/ u_int16_t       apiomodes;              /* advanced PIO modes */
  100 
  101 /*065*/ u_int16_t       mwdmamin;               /* min. M/W DMA time/word ns */
  102 /*066*/ u_int16_t       mwdmarec;               /* rec. M/W DMA time ns */
  103 /*067*/ u_int16_t       pioblind;               /* min. PIO cycle w/o flow */
  104 /*068*/ u_int16_t       pioiordy;               /* min. PIO cycle IORDY flow */
  105 /*069*/ u_int16_t       support3;
  106 #define ATA_SUPPORT_RZAT                0x0020
  107 #define ATA_SUPPORT_DRAT                0x4000
  108         u_int16_t       reserved70;
  109 /*071*/ u_int16_t       rlsovlap;               /* rel time (us) for overlap */
  110 /*072*/ u_int16_t       rlsservice;             /* rel time (us) for service */
  111         u_int16_t       reserved73;
  112         u_int16_t       reserved74;
  113 /*075*/ u_int16_t       queue;
  114 #define ATA_QUEUE_LEN(x)                ((x) & 0x001f)
  115 
  116 /*76*/  u_int16_t       satacapabilities;
  117 #define ATA_SATA_GEN1                   0x0002
  118 #define ATA_SATA_GEN2                   0x0004
  119 #define ATA_SATA_GEN3                   0x0008
  120 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NCQ                 0x0100
  121 #define ATA_SUPPORT_IFPWRMNGTRCV        0x0200
  122 #define ATA_SUPPORT_PHYEVENTCNT         0x0400
  123 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NCQ_UNLOAD          0x0800
  124 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NCQ_PRIO            0x1000
  125 #define ATA_SUPPORT_HAPST               0x2000
  126 #define ATA_SUPPORT_DAPST               0x4000
  127 #define ATA_SUPPORT_READLOGDMAEXT       0x8000
  128 
  129 /*77*/  u_int16_t       satacapabilities2;
  130 #define ATA_SATA_CURR_GEN_MASK          0x0006
  131 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NCQ_STREAM          0x0010
  132 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NCQ_QMANAGEMENT     0x0020
  133 /*78*/  u_int16_t       satasupport;
  134 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NONZERO             0x0002
  135 #define ATA_SUPPORT_AUTOACTIVATE        0x0004
  136 #define ATA_SUPPORT_IFPWRMNGT           0x0008
  137 #define ATA_SUPPORT_INORDERDATA         0x0010
  138 #define ATA_SUPPORT_ASYNCNOTIF          0x0020
  139 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SOFTSETPRESERVE     0x0040
  140 /*79*/  u_int16_t       sataenabled;
  141 #define ATA_ENABLED_DAPST               0x0080
  142 
  143 /*080*/ u_int16_t       version_major;
  144 /*081*/ u_int16_t       version_minor;
  145 
  146         struct {
  147 /*082/085*/ u_int16_t   command1;
  148 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SMART               0x0001
  149 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SECURITY            0x0002
  150 #define ATA_SUPPORT_REMOVABLE           0x0004
  151 #define ATA_SUPPORT_POWERMGT            0x0008
  152 #define ATA_SUPPORT_PACKET              0x0010
  153 #define ATA_SUPPORT_WRITECACHE          0x0020
  154 #define ATA_SUPPORT_LOOKAHEAD           0x0040
  155 #define ATA_SUPPORT_RELEASEIRQ          0x0080
  156 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SERVICEIRQ          0x0100
  157 #define ATA_SUPPORT_RESET               0x0200
  158 #define ATA_SUPPORT_PROTECTED           0x0400
  159 #define ATA_SUPPORT_WRITEBUFFER         0x1000
  160 #define ATA_SUPPORT_READBUFFER          0x2000
  161 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NOP                 0x4000
  162 
  163 /*083/086*/ u_int16_t   command2;
  164 #define ATA_SUPPORT_MICROCODE           0x0001
  165 #define ATA_SUPPORT_QUEUED              0x0002
  166 #define ATA_SUPPORT_CFA                 0x0004
  167 #define ATA_SUPPORT_APM                 0x0008
  168 #define ATA_SUPPORT_NOTIFY              0x0010
  169 #define ATA_SUPPORT_STANDBY             0x0020
  170 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SPINUP              0x0040
  171 #define ATA_SUPPORT_MAXSECURITY         0x0100
  172 #define ATA_SUPPORT_AUTOACOUSTIC        0x0200
  173 #define ATA_SUPPORT_ADDRESS48           0x0400
  174 #define ATA_SUPPORT_OVERLAY             0x0800
  175 #define ATA_SUPPORT_FLUSHCACHE          0x1000
  176 #define ATA_SUPPORT_FLUSHCACHE48        0x2000
  177 
  178 /*084/087*/ u_int16_t   extension;
  179 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SMARTLOG            0x0001
  180 #define ATA_SUPPORT_SMARTTEST           0x0002
  181 #define ATA_SUPPORT_MEDIASN             0x0004
  182 #define ATA_SUPPORT_MEDIAPASS           0x0008
  183 #define ATA_SUPPORT_STREAMING           0x0010
  184 #define ATA_SUPPORT_GENLOG              0x0020
  185 #define ATA_SUPPORT_WRITEDMAFUAEXT      0x0040
  186 #define ATA_SUPPORT_WRITEDMAQFUAEXT     0x0080
  187 #define ATA_SUPPORT_64BITWWN            0x0100
  188 #define ATA_SUPPORT_UNLOAD              0x2000
  189         } __packed support, enabled;
  190 
  191 /*088*/ u_int16_t       udmamodes;              /* UltraDMA modes */
  192 /*089*/ u_int16_t       erase_time;             /* time req'd in 2min units */
  193 /*090*/ u_int16_t       enhanced_erase_time;    /* time req'd in 2min units */
  194 /*091*/ u_int16_t       apm_value;
  195 /*092*/ u_int16_t       master_passwd_revision; /* password revision code */
  196 /*093*/ u_int16_t       hwres;
  197 #define ATA_CABLE_ID                    0x2000
  198 
  199 /*094*/ u_int16_t       acoustic;
  200 #define ATA_ACOUSTIC_CURRENT(x)         ((x) & 0x00ff)
  201 #define ATA_ACOUSTIC_VENDOR(x)          (((x) & 0xff00) >> 8)
  202 
  203 /*095*/ u_int16_t       stream_min_req_size;
  204 /*096*/ u_int16_t       stream_transfer_time;
  205 /*097*/ u_int16_t       stream_access_latency;
  206 /*098*/ u_int32_t       stream_granularity;
  207 /*100*/ u_int16_t       lba_size48_1;
  208         u_int16_t       lba_size48_2;
  209         u_int16_t       lba_size48_3;
  210         u_int16_t       lba_size48_4;
  211         u_int16_t       reserved104;
  212 /*105*/ u_int16_t       max_dsm_blocks;
  213 /*106*/ u_int16_t       pss;
  214 #define ATA_PSS_LSPPS                   0x000F
  215 #define ATA_PSS_LSSABOVE512             0x1000
  216 #define ATA_PSS_MULTLS                  0x2000
  217 /*107*/ u_int16_t       isd;
  218 /*108*/ u_int16_t       wwn[4];
  219         u_int16_t       reserved112[5];
  220 /*117*/ u_int16_t       lss_1;
  221 /*118*/ u_int16_t       lss_2;
  222 /*119*/ u_int16_t       support2;
  223 #define ATA_SUPPORT_WRITEREADVERIFY     0x0002
  224 #define ATA_SUPPORT_WRITEUNCORREXT      0x0004
  225 #define ATA_SUPPORT_RWLOGDMAEXT         0x0008
  226 #define ATA_SUPPORT_MICROCODE3          0x0010
  227 #define ATA_SUPPORT_FREEFALL            0x0020
  228 /*120*/ u_int16_t       enabled2;
  229         u_int16_t       reserved121[6];
  230 /*127*/ u_int16_t       removable_status;
  231 /*128*/ u_int16_t       security_status;
  232 #define ATA_SECURITY_LEVEL              0x0100  /* 0: high, 1: maximum */
  233 #define ATA_SECURITY_ENH_SUPP           0x0020  /* enhanced erase supported */
  234 #define ATA_SECURITY_COUNT_EXP          0x0010  /* count expired */
  235 #define ATA_SECURITY_FROZEN             0x0008  /* security config is frozen */
  236 #define ATA_SECURITY_LOCKED             0x0004  /* drive is locked */
  237 #define ATA_SECURITY_ENABLED            0x0002  /* ATA Security is enabled */
  238 #define ATA_SECURITY_SUPPORTED          0x0001  /* ATA Security is supported */
  239 
  240         u_int16_t       reserved129[31];
  241 /*160*/ u_int16_t       cfa_powermode1;
  242         u_int16_t       reserved161;
  243 /*162*/ u_int16_t       cfa_kms_support;
  244 /*163*/ u_int16_t       cfa_trueide_modes;
  245 /*164*/ u_int16_t       cfa_memory_modes;
  246         u_int16_t       reserved165[4];
  247 /*169*/ u_int16_t       support_dsm;
  248 #define ATA_SUPPORT_DSM_TRIM            0x0001
  249         u_int16_t       reserved170[6];
  250 /*176*/ u_int8_t        media_serial[60];
  251 /*206*/ u_int16_t       sct;
  252         u_int16_t       reserved206[2];
  253 /*209*/ u_int16_t       lsalign;
  254 /*210*/ u_int16_t       wrv_sectors_m3_1;
  255         u_int16_t       wrv_sectors_m3_2;
  256 /*212*/ u_int16_t       wrv_sectors_m2_1;
  257         u_int16_t       wrv_sectors_m2_2;
  258 /*214*/ u_int16_t       nv_cache_caps;
  259 /*215*/ u_int16_t       nv_cache_size_1;
  260         u_int16_t       nv_cache_size_2;
  261 /*217*/ u_int16_t       media_rotation_rate;
  262         u_int16_t       reserved218;
  263 /*219*/ u_int16_t       nv_cache_opt;
  264 /*220*/ u_int16_t       wrv_mode;
  265         u_int16_t       reserved221;
  266 /*222*/ u_int16_t       transport_major;
  267 /*223*/ u_int16_t       transport_minor;
  268         u_int16_t       reserved224[31];
  269 /*255*/ u_int16_t       integrity;
  270 } __packed;
  271 
  272 /* ATA Dataset Management */
  273 #define ATA_DSM_BLK_SIZE        512
  274 #define ATA_DSM_BLK_RANGES      64
  275 #define ATA_DSM_RANGE_SIZE      8
  276 #define ATA_DSM_RANGE_MAX       65535
  277 
  278 /*
  279  * ATA Device Register
  280  *
  281  * bit 7 Obsolete (was 1 in early ATA specs)
  282  * bit 6 Sets LBA/CHS mode. 1=LBA, 0=CHS 
  283  * bit 5 Obsolete (was 1 in early ATA specs)
  284  * bit 4 1 = Slave Drive, 0 = Master Drive
  285  * bit 3-0 In LBA mode, 27-24 of address. In CHS mode, head number
  286 */
  287 
  288 #define ATA_DEV_MASTER          0x00
  289 #define ATA_DEV_SLAVE           0x10
  290 #define ATA_DEV_LBA             0x40
  291 
  292 /* ATA limits */
  293 #define ATA_MAX_28BIT_LBA       268435455UL
  294 
  295 /* ATA Status Register */
  296 #define ATA_STATUS_ERROR        0x01
  297 #define ATA_STATUS_DEVICE_FAULT 0x20
  298 
  299 /* ATA Error Register */
  300 #define ATA_ERROR_ABORT         0x04
  301 #define ATA_ERROR_ID_NOT_FOUND  0x10
  302 
  303 /* ATA HPA Features */
  304 #define ATA_HPA_FEAT_MAX_ADDR   0x00
  305 #define ATA_HPA_FEAT_SET_PWD    0x01
  306 #define ATA_HPA_FEAT_LOCK       0x02
  307 #define ATA_HPA_FEAT_UNLOCK     0x03
  308 #define ATA_HPA_FEAT_FREEZE     0x04
  309 
  310 /* ATA transfer modes */
  311 #define ATA_MODE_MASK           0x0f
  312 #define ATA_DMA_MASK            0xf0
  313 #define ATA_PIO                 0x00
  314 #define ATA_PIO0                0x08
  315 #define ATA_PIO1                0x09
  316 #define ATA_PIO2                0x0a
  317 #define ATA_PIO3                0x0b
  318 #define ATA_PIO4                0x0c
  319 #define ATA_PIO_MAX             0x0f
  320 #define ATA_DMA                 0x10
  321 #define ATA_WDMA0               0x20
  322 #define ATA_WDMA1               0x21
  323 #define ATA_WDMA2               0x22
  324 #define ATA_UDMA0               0x40
  325 #define ATA_UDMA1               0x41
  326 #define ATA_UDMA2               0x42
  327 #define ATA_UDMA3               0x43
  328 #define ATA_UDMA4               0x44
  329 #define ATA_UDMA5               0x45
  330 #define ATA_UDMA6               0x46
  331 #define ATA_SA150               0x47
  332 #define ATA_SA300               0x48
  333 #define ATA_DMA_MAX             0x4f
  334 
  335 
  336 /* ATA commands */
  337 #define ATA_NOP                         0x00    /* NOP */
  338 #define         ATA_NF_FLUSHQUEUE       0x00    /* flush queued cmd's */
  339 #define         ATA_NF_AUTOPOLL         0x01    /* start autopoll function */
  340 #define ATA_DATA_SET_MANAGEMENT         0x06
  341 #define         ATA_DSM_TRIM            0x01
  342 #define ATA_DEVICE_RESET                0x08    /* reset device */
  343 #define ATA_READ                        0x20    /* read */
  344 #define ATA_READ48                      0x24    /* read 48bit LBA */
  345 #define ATA_READ_DMA48                  0x25    /* read DMA 48bit LBA */
  346 #define ATA_READ_DMA_QUEUED48           0x26    /* read DMA QUEUED 48bit LBA */
  347 #define ATA_READ_NATIVE_MAX_ADDRESS48   0x27    /* read native max addr 48bit */
  348 #define ATA_READ_MUL48                  0x29    /* read multi 48bit LBA */
  349 #define ATA_READ_STREAM_DMA48           0x2a    /* read DMA stream 48bit LBA */
  350 #define ATA_READ_STREAM48               0x2b    /* read stream 48bit LBA */
  351 #define ATA_WRITE                       0x30    /* write */
  352 #define ATA_WRITE48                     0x34    /* write 48bit LBA */
  353 #define ATA_WRITE_DMA48                 0x35    /* write DMA 48bit LBA */
  354 #define ATA_WRITE_DMA_QUEUED48          0x36    /* write DMA QUEUED 48bit LBA*/
  355 #define ATA_SET_MAX_ADDRESS48           0x37    /* set max address 48bit */
  356 #define ATA_WRITE_MUL48                 0x39    /* write multi 48bit LBA */
  357 #define ATA_WRITE_STREAM_DMA48          0x3a
  358 #define ATA_WRITE_STREAM48              0x3b
  359 #define ATA_WRITE_DMA_FUA48             0x3d
  360 #define ATA_WRITE_DMA_QUEUED_FUA48      0x3e
  361 #define ATA_WRITE_LOG_EXT               0x3f
  362 #define ATA_READ_VERIFY                 0x40
  363 #define ATA_READ_VERIFY48               0x42
  364 #define ATA_READ_FPDMA_QUEUED           0x60    /* read DMA NCQ */
  365 #define ATA_WRITE_FPDMA_QUEUED          0x61    /* write DMA NCQ */
  366 #define ATA_SEP_ATTN                    0x67    /* SEP request */
  367 #define ATA_SEEK                        0x70    /* seek */
  368 #define ATA_PACKET_CMD                  0xa0    /* packet command */
  369 #define ATA_ATAPI_IDENTIFY              0xa1    /* get ATAPI params*/
  370 #define ATA_SERVICE                     0xa2    /* service command */
  371 #define ATA_SMART_CMD                   0xb0    /* SMART command */
  372 #define ATA_CFA_ERASE                   0xc0    /* CFA erase */
  373 #define ATA_READ_MUL                    0xc4    /* read multi */
  374 #define ATA_WRITE_MUL                   0xc5    /* write multi */
  375 #define ATA_SET_MULTI                   0xc6    /* set multi size */
  376 #define ATA_READ_DMA_QUEUED             0xc7    /* read DMA QUEUED */
  377 #define ATA_READ_DMA                    0xc8    /* read DMA */
  378 #define ATA_WRITE_DMA                   0xca    /* write DMA */
  379 #define ATA_WRITE_DMA_QUEUED            0xcc    /* write DMA QUEUED */
  380 #define ATA_WRITE_MUL_FUA48             0xce
  381 #define ATA_STANDBY_IMMEDIATE           0xe0    /* standby immediate */
  382 #define ATA_IDLE_IMMEDIATE              0xe1    /* idle immediate */
  383 #define ATA_STANDBY_CMD                 0xe2    /* standby */
  384 #define ATA_IDLE_CMD                    0xe3    /* idle */
  385 #define ATA_READ_BUFFER                 0xe4    /* read buffer */
  386 #define ATA_READ_PM                     0xe4    /* read portmultiplier */
  387 #define ATA_SLEEP                       0xe6    /* sleep */
  388 #define ATA_FLUSHCACHE                  0xe7    /* flush cache to disk */
  389 #define ATA_WRITE_PM                    0xe8    /* write portmultiplier */
  390 #define ATA_FLUSHCACHE48                0xea    /* flush cache to disk */
  391 #define ATA_ATA_IDENTIFY                0xec    /* get ATA params */
  392 #define ATA_SETFEATURES                 0xef    /* features command */
  393 #define         ATA_SF_SETXFER          0x03    /* set transfer mode */
  394 #define         ATA_SF_ENAB_WCACHE      0x02    /* enable write cache */
  395 #define         ATA_SF_DIS_WCACHE       0x82    /* disable write cache */
  396 #define         ATA_SF_ENAB_PUIS        0x06    /* enable PUIS */
  397 #define         ATA_SF_DIS_PUIS         0x86    /* disable PUIS */
  398 #define         ATA_SF_PUIS_SPINUP      0x07    /* PUIS spin-up */
  399 #define         ATA_SF_ENAB_RCACHE      0xaa    /* enable readahead cache */
  400 #define         ATA_SF_DIS_RCACHE       0x55    /* disable readahead cache */
  401 #define         ATA_SF_ENAB_RELIRQ      0x5d    /* enable release interrupt */
  402 #define         ATA_SF_DIS_RELIRQ       0xdd    /* disable release interrupt */
  403 #define         ATA_SF_ENAB_SRVIRQ      0x5e    /* enable service interrupt */
  404 #define         ATA_SF_DIS_SRVIRQ       0xde    /* disable service interrupt */
  405 #define ATA_SECURITY_SET_PASSWORD       0xf1    /* set drive password */
  406 #define ATA_SECURITY_UNLOCK             0xf2    /* unlock drive using passwd */
  407 #define ATA_SECURITY_ERASE_PREPARE      0xf3    /* prepare to erase drive */
  408 #define ATA_SECURITY_ERASE_UNIT         0xf4    /* erase all blocks on drive */
  409 #define ATA_SECURITY_FREEZE_LOCK        0xf5    /* freeze security config */
  410 #define ATA_SECURITY_DISABLE_PASSWORD   0xf6    /* disable drive password */
  411 #define ATA_READ_NATIVE_MAX_ADDRESS     0xf8    /* read native max address */
  412 #define ATA_SET_MAX_ADDRESS             0xf9    /* set max address */
  413 
  414 
  415 /* ATAPI commands */
  416 #define ATAPI_TEST_UNIT_READY           0x00    /* check if device is ready */
  417 #define ATAPI_REZERO                    0x01    /* rewind */
  418 #define ATAPI_REQUEST_SENSE             0x03    /* get sense data */
  419 #define ATAPI_FORMAT                    0x04    /* format unit */
  420 #define ATAPI_READ                      0x08    /* read data */
  421 #define ATAPI_WRITE                     0x0a    /* write data */
  422 #define ATAPI_WEOF                      0x10    /* write filemark */
  423 #define         ATAPI_WF_WRITE          0x01
  424 #define ATAPI_SPACE                     0x11    /* space command */
  425 #define         ATAPI_SP_FM             0x01
  426 #define         ATAPI_SP_EOD            0x03
  427 #define ATAPI_INQUIRY                   0x12    /* get inquiry data */
  428 #define ATAPI_MODE_SELECT               0x15    /* mode select */
  429 #define ATAPI_ERASE                     0x19    /* erase */
  430 #define ATAPI_MODE_SENSE                0x1a    /* mode sense */
  431 #define ATAPI_START_STOP                0x1b    /* start/stop unit */
  432 #define         ATAPI_SS_LOAD           0x01
  433 #define         ATAPI_SS_RETENSION      0x02
  434 #define         ATAPI_SS_EJECT          0x04
  435 #define ATAPI_PREVENT_ALLOW             0x1e    /* media removal */
  436 #define ATAPI_READ_FORMAT_CAPACITIES    0x23    /* get format capacities */
  437 #define ATAPI_READ_CAPACITY             0x25    /* get volume capacity */
  438 #define ATAPI_READ_BIG                  0x28    /* read data */
  439 #define ATAPI_WRITE_BIG                 0x2a    /* write data */
  440 #define ATAPI_LOCATE                    0x2b    /* locate to position */
  441 #define ATAPI_READ_POSITION             0x34    /* read position */
  442 #define ATAPI_SYNCHRONIZE_CACHE         0x35    /* flush buf, close channel */
  443 #define ATAPI_WRITE_BUFFER              0x3b    /* write device buffer */
  444 #define ATAPI_READ_BUFFER               0x3c    /* read device buffer */
  445 #define ATAPI_READ_SUBCHANNEL           0x42    /* get subchannel info */
  446 #define ATAPI_READ_TOC                  0x43    /* get table of contents */
  447 #define ATAPI_PLAY_10                   0x45    /* play by lba */
  448 #define ATAPI_PLAY_MSF                  0x47    /* play by MSF address */
  449 #define ATAPI_PLAY_TRACK                0x48    /* play by track number */
  450 #define ATAPI_PAUSE                     0x4b    /* pause audio operation */
  451 #define ATAPI_READ_DISK_INFO            0x51    /* get disk info structure */
  452 #define ATAPI_READ_TRACK_INFO           0x52    /* get track info structure */
  453 #define ATAPI_RESERVE_TRACK             0x53    /* reserve track */
  454 #define ATAPI_SEND_OPC_INFO             0x54    /* send OPC structurek */
  455 #define ATAPI_MODE_SELECT_BIG           0x55    /* set device parameters */
  456 #define ATAPI_REPAIR_TRACK              0x58    /* repair track */
  457 #define ATAPI_READ_MASTER_CUE           0x59    /* read master CUE info */
  458 #define ATAPI_MODE_SENSE_BIG            0x5a    /* get device parameters */
  459 #define ATAPI_CLOSE_TRACK               0x5b    /* close track/session */
  460 #define ATAPI_READ_BUFFER_CAPACITY      0x5c    /* get buffer capicity */
  461 #define ATAPI_SEND_CUE_SHEET            0x5d    /* send CUE sheet */
  462 #define ATAPI_SERVICE_ACTION_IN         0x96    /* get service data */
  463 #define ATAPI_BLANK                     0xa1    /* blank the media */
  464 #define ATAPI_SEND_KEY                  0xa3    /* send DVD key structure */
  465 #define ATAPI_REPORT_KEY                0xa4    /* get DVD key structure */
  466 #define ATAPI_PLAY_12                   0xa5    /* play by lba */
  467 #define ATAPI_LOAD_UNLOAD               0xa6    /* changer control command */
  468 #define ATAPI_READ_STRUCTURE            0xad    /* get DVD structure */
  469 #define ATAPI_PLAY_CD                   0xb4    /* universal play command */
  470 #define ATAPI_SET_SPEED                 0xbb    /* set drive speed */
  471 #define ATAPI_MECH_STATUS               0xbd    /* get changer status */
  472 #define ATAPI_READ_CD                   0xbe    /* read data */
  473 #define ATAPI_POLL_DSC                  0xff    /* poll DSC status bit */
  474 
  475 
  476 struct ata_ioc_devices {
  477     int                 channel;
  478     char                name[2][32];
  479     struct ata_params   params[2];
  480 };
  481 
  482 /* pr channel ATA ioctl calls */
  483 #define IOCATAGMAXCHANNEL       _IOR('a',  1, int)
  484 #define IOCATAREINIT            _IOW('a',  2, int)
  485 #define IOCATAATTACH            _IOW('a',  3, int)
  486 #define IOCATADETACH            _IOW('a',  4, int)
  487 #define IOCATADEVICES           _IOWR('a',  5, struct ata_ioc_devices)
  488 
  489 /* ATAPI request sense structure */
  490 struct atapi_sense {
  491     u_int8_t    error;                          /* current or deferred errors */
  492 #define ATA_SENSE_VALID                 0x80
  493 
  494     u_int8_t    segment;                        /* segment number */
  495     u_int8_t    key;                            /* sense key */
  496 #define ATA_SENSE_KEY_MASK              0x0f    /* sense key mask */
  497 #define ATA_SENSE_NO_SENSE              0x00    /* no specific sense key info */
  498 #define ATA_SENSE_RECOVERED_ERROR       0x01    /* command OK, data recovered */
  499 #define ATA_SENSE_NOT_READY             0x02    /* no access to drive */
  500 #define ATA_SENSE_MEDIUM_ERROR          0x03    /* non-recovered data error */
  501 #define ATA_SENSE_HARDWARE_ERROR        0x04    /* non-recoverable HW failure */
  502 #define ATA_SENSE_ILLEGAL_REQUEST       0x05    /* invalid command param(s) */
  503 #define ATA_SENSE_UNIT_ATTENTION        0x06    /* media changed */
  504 #define ATA_SENSE_DATA_PROTECT          0x07    /* write protect */
  505 #define ATA_SENSE_BLANK_CHECK           0x08    /* blank check */
  506 #define ATA_SENSE_VENDOR_SPECIFIC       0x09    /* vendor specific skey */
  507 #define ATA_SENSE_COPY_ABORTED          0x0a    /* copy aborted */
  508 #define ATA_SENSE_ABORTED_COMMAND       0x0b    /* command aborted, try again */
  509 #define ATA_SENSE_EQUAL                 0x0c    /* equal */
  510 #define ATA_SENSE_VOLUME_OVERFLOW       0x0d    /* volume overflow */
  511 #define ATA_SENSE_MISCOMPARE            0x0e    /* data dont match the medium */
  512 #define ATA_SENSE_RESERVED              0x0f
  513 #define ATA_SENSE_ILI                   0x20;
  514 #define ATA_SENSE_EOM                   0x40;
  515 #define ATA_SENSE_FILEMARK              0x80;
  516 
  517     u_int32_t   cmd_info;               /* cmd information */
  518     u_int8_t    sense_length;           /* additional sense len (n-7) */
  519     u_int32_t   cmd_specific_info;      /* additional cmd spec info */
  520     u_int8_t    asc;                    /* additional sense code */
  521     u_int8_t    ascq;                   /* additional sense code qual */
  522     u_int8_t    replaceable_unit_code;  /* replaceable unit code */
  523     u_int8_t    specific;               /* sense key specific */
  524 #define ATA_SENSE_SPEC_VALID    0x80
  525 #define ATA_SENSE_SPEC_MASK     0x7f
  526         
  527     u_int8_t    specific1;              /* sense key specific */
  528     u_int8_t    specific2;              /* sense key specific */
  529 } __packed;
  530 
  531 struct ata_ioc_request {
  532     union {
  533         struct {
  534             u_int8_t            command;
  535             u_int8_t            feature;
  536             u_int64_t           lba;
  537             u_int16_t           count;
  538         } ata;
  539         struct {
  540             char                ccb[16];
  541             struct atapi_sense  sense;
  542         } atapi;
  543     } u;
  544     caddr_t             data;
  545     int                 count;
  546     int                 flags;
  547 #define ATA_CMD_CONTROL                 0x01
  548 #define ATA_CMD_READ                    0x02
  549 #define ATA_CMD_WRITE                   0x04
  550 #define ATA_CMD_ATAPI                   0x08
  551 
  552     int                 timeout;
  553     int                 error;
  554 };
  555 
  556 struct ata_security_password {
  557         u_int16_t               ctrl;
  558 #define ATA_SECURITY_PASSWORD_USER      0x0000
  559 #define ATA_SECURITY_PASSWORD_MASTER    0x0001
  560 #define ATA_SECURITY_ERASE_NORMAL       0x0000
  561 #define ATA_SECURITY_ERASE_ENHANCED     0x0002
  562 #define ATA_SECURITY_LEVEL_HIGH         0x0000
  563 #define ATA_SECURITY_LEVEL_MAXIMUM      0x0100
  564 
  565         u_int8_t                password[32];
  566         u_int16_t               revision;
  567         u_int16_t               reserved[238];
  568 };
  569 
  570 /* pr device ATA ioctl calls */
  571 #define IOCATAREQUEST           _IOWR('a', 100, struct ata_ioc_request)
  572 #define IOCATAGPARM             _IOR('a', 101, struct ata_params)
  573 #define IOCATAGMODE             _IOR('a', 102, int)
  574 #define IOCATASMODE             _IOW('a', 103, int)
  575 
  576 #define IOCATAGSPINDOWN         _IOR('a', 104, int)
  577 #define IOCATASSPINDOWN         _IOW('a', 105, int)
  578 
  579 
  580 struct ata_ioc_raid_config {
  581             int                 lun;
  582             int                 type;
  583 #define AR_JBOD                         0x0001
  584 #define AR_SPAN                         0x0002
  585 #define AR_RAID0                        0x0004
  586 #define AR_RAID1                        0x0008
  587 #define AR_RAID01                       0x0010
  588 #define AR_RAID3                        0x0020
  589 #define AR_RAID4                        0x0040
  590 #define AR_RAID5                        0x0080
  591 
  592             int                 interleave;
  593             int                 status;
  594 #define AR_READY                        1
  595 #define AR_DEGRADED                     2
  596 #define AR_REBUILDING                   4
  597 
  598             int                 progress;
  599             int                 total_disks;
  600             int                 disks[16];
  601 };
  602 
  603 struct ata_ioc_raid_status {
  604             int                 lun;
  605             int                 type;
  606             int                 interleave;
  607             int                 status;
  608             int                 progress;
  609             int                 total_disks;
  610             struct {
  611                     int         state;
  612 #define AR_DISK_ONLINE                  0x01
  613 #define AR_DISK_PRESENT                 0x02
  614 #define AR_DISK_SPARE                   0x04
  615                     int         lun;
  616             } disks[16];
  617 };
  618 
  619 /* ATA RAID ioctl calls */
  620 #define IOCATARAIDCREATE        _IOWR('a', 200, struct ata_ioc_raid_config)
  621 #define IOCATARAIDDELETE        _IOW('a', 201, int)
  622 #define IOCATARAIDSTATUS        _IOWR('a', 202, struct ata_ioc_raid_status)
  623 #define IOCATARAIDADDSPARE      _IOW('a', 203, struct ata_ioc_raid_config)
  624 #define IOCATARAIDREBUILD       _IOW('a', 204, int)
  625 
  626 #endif /* _SYS_ATA_H_ */

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