The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System, Second Edition
Now available: The Design and Implementation of the FreeBSD Operating System (Second Edition)


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FreeBSD/Linux Kernel Cross Reference
sys/sys/file.h

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    1 /*-
    2  * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1989, 1993
    3  *      The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
    4  *
    5  * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
    6  * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
    7  * are met:
    8  * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
    9  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
   10  * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
   11  *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
   12  *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
   13  * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
   14  *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
   15  *    without specific prior written permission.
   16  *
   17  * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
   18  * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
   19  * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
   20  * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
   21  * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
   22  * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
   23  * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
   24  * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
   25  * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
   26  * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
   27  * SUCH DAMAGE.
   28  *
   29  *      @(#)file.h      8.3 (Berkeley) 1/9/95
   30  * $FreeBSD: src/sys/sys/file.h,v 1.65.2.3 2005/03/03 22:27:33 jhb Exp $
   31  */
   32 
   33 #ifndef _SYS_FILE_H_
   34 #define _SYS_FILE_H_
   35 
   36 #ifndef _KERNEL
   37 #include <sys/types.h> /* XXX */
   38 #include <sys/fcntl.h>
   39 #include <sys/unistd.h>
   40 #else
   41 #include <sys/queue.h>
   42 #include <sys/_lock.h>
   43 #include <sys/_mutex.h>
   44 
   45 struct stat;
   46 struct thread;
   47 struct uio;
   48 struct knote;
   49 struct vnode;
   50 struct socket;
   51 
   52 
   53 #endif /* _KERNEL */
   54 
   55 #define DTYPE_VNODE     1       /* file */
   56 #define DTYPE_SOCKET    2       /* communications endpoint */
   57 #define DTYPE_PIPE      3       /* pipe */
   58 #define DTYPE_FIFO      4       /* fifo (named pipe) */
   59 #define DTYPE_KQUEUE    5       /* event queue */
   60 #define DTYPE_CRYPTO    6       /* crypto */
   61 
   62 #ifdef _KERNEL
   63 
   64 struct file;
   65 struct ucred;
   66 
   67 typedef int fo_rdwr_t(struct file *fp, struct uio *uio,
   68                     struct ucred *active_cred, int flags,
   69                     struct thread *td);
   70 #define FOF_OFFSET      1       /* Use the offset in uio argument */
   71 typedef int fo_ioctl_t(struct file *fp, u_long com, void *data,
   72                     struct ucred *active_cred, struct thread *td);
   73 typedef int fo_poll_t(struct file *fp, int events,
   74                     struct ucred *active_cred, struct thread *td);
   75 typedef int fo_kqfilter_t(struct file *fp, struct knote *kn);
   76 typedef int fo_stat_t(struct file *fp, struct stat *sb,
   77                     struct ucred *active_cred, struct thread *td);
   78 typedef int fo_close_t(struct file *fp, struct thread *td);
   79 typedef int fo_flags_t;
   80 
   81 struct fileops {
   82         fo_rdwr_t       *fo_read;
   83         fo_rdwr_t       *fo_write;
   84         fo_ioctl_t      *fo_ioctl;
   85         fo_poll_t       *fo_poll;
   86         fo_kqfilter_t   *fo_kqfilter;
   87         fo_stat_t       *fo_stat;
   88         fo_close_t      *fo_close;
   89         fo_flags_t      fo_flags;       /* DFLAG_* below */
   90 };
   91 
   92 #define DFLAG_PASSABLE  0x01    /* may be passed via unix sockets. */
   93 #define DFLAG_SEEKABLE  0x02    /* seekable / nonsequential */
   94 
   95 /*
   96  * Kernel descriptor table.
   97  * One entry for each open kernel vnode and socket.
   98  *
   99  * Below is the list of locks that protects members in struct file.
  100  *
  101  * (fl) filelist_lock
  102  * (f)  f_mtx in struct file
  103  * none not locked
  104  */
  105 
  106 struct file {
  107         LIST_ENTRY(file) f_list;/* (fl) list of active files */
  108         short   f_type;         /* descriptor type */
  109         void    *f_data;        /* file descriptor specific data */
  110         u_int   f_flag;         /* see fcntl.h */
  111         struct mtx      *f_mtxp;        /* mutex to protect data */
  112         struct fileops *f_ops;  /* File operations */
  113         struct  ucred *f_cred;  /* credentials associated with descriptor */
  114         int     f_count;        /* (f) reference count */
  115         struct vnode *f_vnode;  /* NULL or applicable vnode */
  116 
  117         /* DFLAG_SEEKABLE specific fields */
  118         off_t   f_offset;
  119 
  120         /* DTYPE_SOCKET specific fields */
  121         short   f_gcflag;       /* used by thread doing fd garbage collection */
  122 #define FMARK           0x1     /* mark during gc() */
  123 #define FDEFER          0x2     /* defer for next gc pass */
  124         int     f_msgcount;     /* (f) references from message queue */
  125 
  126         /* DTYPE_VNODE specific fields */
  127         int     f_seqcount;     /*
  128                                  * count of sequential accesses -- cleared
  129                                  * by most seek operations.
  130                                  */
  131         off_t   f_nextoff;      /*
  132                                  * offset of next expected read or write
  133                                  */
  134 };
  135 
  136 #endif /* _KERNEL */
  137 
  138 /*
  139  * Userland version of struct file, for sysctl
  140  */
  141 struct xfile {
  142         size_t  xf_size;        /* size of struct xfile */
  143         pid_t   xf_pid;         /* owning process */
  144         uid_t   xf_uid;         /* effective uid of owning process */
  145         int     xf_fd;          /* descriptor number */
  146         void    *xf_file;       /* address of struct file */
  147         short   xf_type;        /* descriptor type */
  148         int     xf_count;       /* reference count */
  149         int     xf_msgcount;    /* references from message queue */
  150         off_t   xf_offset;      /* file offset */
  151         void    *xf_data;       /* file descriptor specific data */
  152         void    *xf_vnode;      /* vnode pointer */
  153         u_int   xf_flag;        /* flags (see fcntl.h) */
  154 };
  155 
  156 #ifdef _KERNEL
  157 
  158 #ifdef MALLOC_DECLARE
  159 MALLOC_DECLARE(M_FILE);
  160 #endif
  161 
  162 LIST_HEAD(filelist, file);
  163 extern struct filelist filehead; /* (fl) head of list of open files */
  164 extern struct fileops vnops;
  165 extern struct fileops badfileops;
  166 extern struct fileops socketops;
  167 extern int maxfiles;            /* kernel limit on number of open files */
  168 extern int maxfilesperproc;     /* per process limit on number of open files */
  169 extern int nfiles;              /* (fl) actual number of open files */
  170 extern struct sx filelist_lock; /* sx to protect filelist and nfiles */
  171 
  172 int fget(struct thread *td, int fd, struct file **fpp);
  173 int fget_read(struct thread *td, int fd, struct file **fpp);
  174 int fget_write(struct thread *td, int fd, struct file **fpp);
  175 int fdrop(struct file *fp, struct thread *td);
  176 
  177 /*
  178  * The socket operations are used a couple of places.
  179  * XXX: This is wrong, they should go through the operations vector for
  180  * XXX: sockets instead of going directly for the individual functions. /phk
  181  */
  182 fo_rdwr_t       soo_read;
  183 fo_rdwr_t       soo_write;
  184 fo_ioctl_t      soo_ioctl;
  185 fo_poll_t       soo_poll;
  186 fo_kqfilter_t   soo_kqfilter;
  187 fo_stat_t       soo_stat;
  188 fo_close_t      soo_close;
  189 
  190 /* Lock a file. */
  191 #define FILE_LOCK(f)    mtx_lock((f)->f_mtxp)
  192 #define FILE_UNLOCK(f)  mtx_unlock((f)->f_mtxp)
  193 #define FILE_LOCKED(f)  mtx_owned((f)->f_mtxp)
  194 #define FILE_LOCK_ASSERT(f, type) mtx_assert((f)->f_mtxp, (type))
  195 
  196 int fgetvp(struct thread *td, int fd, struct vnode **vpp);
  197 int fgetvp_read(struct thread *td, int fd, struct vnode **vpp);
  198 int fgetvp_write(struct thread *td, int fd, struct vnode **vpp);
  199 
  200 int fgetsock(struct thread *td, int fd, struct socket **spp, u_int *fflagp);
  201 void fputsock(struct socket *sp);
  202 
  203 #define fhold_locked(fp)                                                \
  204         do {                                                            \
  205                 FILE_LOCK_ASSERT(fp, MA_OWNED);                         \
  206                 (fp)->f_count++;                                        \
  207         } while (0)
  208 
  209 #define fhold(fp)                                                       \
  210         do {                                                            \
  211                 FILE_LOCK(fp);                                          \
  212                 (fp)->f_count++;                                        \
  213                 FILE_UNLOCK(fp);                                        \
  214         } while (0)
  215 
  216 static __inline fo_rdwr_t       fo_read;
  217 static __inline fo_rdwr_t       fo_write;
  218 static __inline fo_ioctl_t      fo_ioctl;
  219 static __inline fo_poll_t       fo_poll;
  220 static __inline fo_kqfilter_t   fo_kqfilter;
  221 static __inline fo_stat_t       fo_stat;
  222 static __inline fo_close_t      fo_close;
  223 
  224 static __inline int
  225 fo_read(fp, uio, active_cred, flags, td)
  226         struct file *fp;
  227         struct uio *uio;
  228         struct ucred *active_cred;
  229         int flags;
  230         struct thread *td;
  231 {
  232 
  233         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_read)(fp, uio, active_cred, flags, td));
  234 }
  235 
  236 static __inline int
  237 fo_write(fp, uio, active_cred, flags, td)
  238         struct file *fp;
  239         struct uio *uio;
  240         struct ucred *active_cred;
  241         int flags;
  242         struct thread *td;
  243 {
  244 
  245         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_write)(fp, uio, active_cred, flags, td));
  246 }
  247 
  248 static __inline int
  249 fo_ioctl(fp, com, data, active_cred, td)
  250         struct file *fp;
  251         u_long com;
  252         void *data;
  253         struct ucred *active_cred;
  254         struct thread *td;
  255 {
  256 
  257         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_ioctl)(fp, com, data, active_cred, td));
  258 }
  259 
  260 static __inline int
  261 fo_poll(fp, events, active_cred, td)
  262         struct file *fp;
  263         int events;
  264         struct ucred *active_cred;
  265         struct thread *td;
  266 {
  267 
  268         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_poll)(fp, events, active_cred, td));
  269 }
  270 
  271 static __inline int
  272 fo_stat(fp, sb, active_cred, td)
  273         struct file *fp;
  274         struct stat *sb;
  275         struct ucred *active_cred;
  276         struct thread *td;
  277 {
  278 
  279         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_stat)(fp, sb, active_cred, td));
  280 }
  281 
  282 static __inline int
  283 fo_close(fp, td)
  284         struct file *fp;
  285         struct thread *td;
  286 {
  287 
  288         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_close)(fp, td));
  289 }
  290 
  291 static __inline int
  292 fo_kqfilter(fp, kn)
  293         struct file *fp;
  294         struct knote *kn;
  295 {
  296 
  297         return ((*fp->f_ops->fo_kqfilter)(fp, kn));
  298 }
  299 
  300 #endif /* _KERNEL */
  301 
  302 #endif /* !SYS_FILE_H */

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